The sensation of a foreign body in the skin of the foot, pain and burning may indicate the presence of a spinal cord in a person. A spike on the leg is nothing more than a wart. Most often, a plantar wart appears in those parts of the foot that experience the greatest stress when walking. Much less often, this seal appears on the palms or fingers.
Outwardly, the spike on the leg is almost no different from the plantar wart. The seal may be slightly convex, which gives patients additional inconvenience in the form of pain, discomfort, as well as problems when choosing shoes.
However, it is impossible to get rid of a thorn like a wart. Conventional cosmetic procedures in the form of sawing off keratinized skin or cutting it off will not have the desired effect. Getting rid of a plantar wart can be very difficult. Often, to solve this unpleasant problem, patients have to consult a doctor.
Despite the specificity of the disease, the spine can also be removed by using alternative methods of therapy. The main thing is to choose the most effective and safest treatment option for your health and consult a doctor first.
What is a spike on the leg: symptoms, causes and signs
The spike has a viral nature. This name was given to education due to the sensations that a person experiences when walking. Usually, people experience stabbing sensations, similar to a thorn prick.
How is it formed?
The formation of a plantar wart begins with the appearance of a white nodule on the sole of the foot, slightly protruding above the surface of the skin. Later, with development, the formation begins to resemble corns or keratinized corns.The size of the spine usually reaches 1-1. 5 cm.
At the base of the spine are not the usual accumulations of horny cells, but filiform growths. These growths are able to penetrate far deep into the tissues. Thus, they affect the nerve fibers and cause pain in a person.
The spine may appear as a single formation or a large group of warts. With the appearance of numerous spines, one, the largest, "mother" spine can be distinguished. All other "daughter" warts are much smaller and are located around. Numerous plantar warts cause a lot of discomfort to a person and are very difficult to treat.
There is only one reason for the appearance of warts on the foot - this ishuman papilloma virus.
Important: There is an opinion that parasites in the intestines can become the cause of spiny. In fact, this is a medically unfounded misconception.
The scheme of infection with a virus is quite simple. It is enough for a person to scratch the skin. After that, the virus enters the human body and penetrates into the genes of skin cells. Then the cells are deformed and begin to resemble a tumor, turning into a wart.
Most often, infection occurs in childhood. Usually children become infected with the virus in kindergartens, schools, on beaches or in public showers. Only those children whose immunity is weakened get sick.
Appearing in childhood, the spine disappears in the period of growing up. Since the immunity of an adult is stronger, warts appear very rarely.
The risks of transmission of the virus increase when the wearer's feet are injured. Scratches, blisters, cuts and abrasions are dangerous for people who are not infected with the virus. There are several factors that provoke the papilloma virus in the body:
- sweating of the soles;
- uncomfortable, narrow shoes;
- rubber, non-breathable shoes;
Symptoms and signs of the disease
Spike is an extremely unpleasant disease. The sensations that a plantar wart causes will significantly impair a person's quality of life. This manifestation of the papillomavirus is one of the most difficult. The main symptom of a spinal cord is pain. It can accompany a person throughout the entire time until the wart is removed. The pain can be severe and is especially common when walking or running.
The spine can also hurt due to its tear. Since there is a tissue roller around the wart, its undermining very often leads to severe, sharp pain and even bleeding. It is not safe to damage a wart. If this still happened, it is required to treat the wound with peroxide and seal it with a breathable adhesive plaster. Until the moment of complete healing of the wound, it is worth taking care of the cleanliness of shoes and socks.
Another characteristic symptom of spinal cord is discomfort when walking. This sensation is similar to pressure in the tissues. Patients describe it as feeling like a stone in a shoe. This is the first symptom of thorns. But the pain is connected later, along with the development of the disease and the growth of the plantar wart.
Differences between thorns and corns
Distinguishing a thorn from a corn is very easy. You can do this after taking a hot bath or shower. Steamed skin at the location of the formation becomes "hairy". In the middle part of the wart is one or more black dots. It is from these black dots that the filamentous process goes inside the skin. Unlike a corn, a wart is constantly growing.
A corn is more uniform than a wart. Spike is heterogeneous, it resembles a cauliflower. There is a recess in the center, and the entire surface structure is covered with small recesses.
Important: A thorn, like any wart, is a benign formation on the human body. The risks of its rebirth are quite high. Tissue damage, stress, and weakened immunity can trigger the process of malignancy of spinal tissue. Therefore, patients need to consult a doctor in a timely manner to combat the wart and its effective removal.
So the differences are:
- The corn has an even structure;
- Corn does not cause pain;
- It can be easily removed with a file and softening procedures;
- The skin of the callus is very thick and convex, on the wart it is uneven, with depressions and villi.
How to remove a spike on the leg? Therapy Methods
There are several options for how to remove the spike. First of all, you should consult a doctor and get medical help. Doctors offer several instrumental methods for removing the spine.
This method is very simple and not time consuming. Usually, patients only need one procedure, during which the doctor can remove several small warts at once. Usually, one session of electrocoagulation takes only 1-1. 5 minutes. The time spent depends on the size of the warts and what is their total number. Local anesthesia is used to remove plantar warts.
Before the procedure, the doctor treats the skin with antiseptics. After that, the loop of the electrocoagulator is adjusted around the spine, due to which the device thermally processes the tissues and leads to the death of the wart. The temperature at which tissues are cauterized is 800 °C. This temperature cauterizes the blood vessels, which helps to protect a person from bleeding. After the session, a crust forms on the skin, which falls off when the tissues are completely healed.
Removal of plantar warts with laser
Before starting the procedure, patients must be examined. This allows you to understand how deep the wart is in the skin. In the absence of such an examination, removal may be ineffective. Doctors determine the depth of penetration into the tissues of the antennae of the spine and proceed to the procedure. Before starting the procedure, the doctor injects an anesthetic injection under the wart. After the patient feels that the painkiller has begun to take effect, the doctor puts on glasses and proceeds to the session.
While working with a laser, the doctor removes pathological tissues in layers and at the same time cauterizes those vessels that feed the spine. Laser treatment is carried out until the root system of the wart is completely destroyed. After removing the spine with a laser, the patient is left with a small burn. This burn requires constant treatment with antiseptics. The wound itself needs to be covered with a dry gauze cloth and a band-aid. The duration of the removal session depends on the number of spines and their size.
This procedure involves removing the spike with liquid nitrogen. When removing spines in this way, antispasmodics are almost never used, the procedure is painless. In some cases (with large spines, thin skin), painkillers are still used. The procedure is carried out in two different ways - with a catheter or a cotton swab. The latter option is used much more often.
The doctor wipes the skin with antiseptics, dips a cotton swab in liquid nitrogen and touches the spike with it. Exposure to one wart should last about 5-30 seconds. The exposure time depends on the size of the wart. Longer exposure to nitrogen is required if the patient has a large and deep spine. In this case, nitrogen must penetrate into all layers of the skin, up to the very root of the wart, and therefore, exposure to nitrogen can last 25-35 seconds. After the freezing process, the skin acquires a white-pink tint, which indicates the death of skin cells.
In almost 100% of cases, a medium-sized bubble appears in patients the next day after the procedure. Such a reaction of the skin to low temperatures is quite normal and indicates the effectiveness of the session. A clear or reddish liquid may accumulate inside the bladder. You should not be afraid of this, since this process indicates that certain layers of the skin were affected during cryotherapy. The top of the bubble is usually the spine itself.
Spike on the leg: surgical treatment
In the event that no methods of removing the spine helped get rid of the disease, patients are advised to consult a doctor and surgically eliminate the formation. There are a lot of advantages of the method:
- High probability of complete removal.
- Efficient in removing particularly deep spines.
- Minimal chance of recurrence.
Local anesthesia is also used during the procedure. During the session, the doctor removes all pathological tissues and stitches the wound. However, the procedure also has disadvantages:
- Scars remain after the session.
- The healing time is longer.
- deep incisions can hurt even a few days after surgery.
The choice of method by which the spine will be removed depends on the effect of past methods of struggle. Also, the doctor is based on the results of the diagnosis and general history.
How to deal with thorn: medicines
Medications help to remove the spikes on the soles of the feet quite well. Today in the pharmacy you can find a variety of drugs that have necrotizing properties, which allows you to quickly and effectively get rid of the problem.
If you suffer from the manifestations of thorns and do not know how to remove them, then you should pay attention to the reviews of such funds:
- Cauterizing solution, which has in its composition two main active substances - meta-cresol and phenol. These components have a toxic property, which allows you to irrevocably destroy the cells of the spike. It should be borne in mind that the drug can affect the human nervous system. Thus, the drug should be used only in accordance with the instructions.
- A popular remedy for thorns, which has an affordable cost and good efficiency. In its composition, it has refrigerants that allow the substance to be used to treat people of virtually all age categories.
- A special convenient medical pencil, which is able to get rid of thorns in the shortest possible time. The peculiarity of the product is that it contains silver nitrate. It is he who has a bactericidal effect on the affected tissues.
- A budget tool with an aggressive and burning property. Sold in pharmacies in the form of a concentrated solution. When removing the spike, you need to be careful not to accidentally apply the product to healthy tissues. If the liquid still gets on the skin, then it should be thoroughly rinsed with water and treated with citric or acetic acid (5%).
- A universal remedy with birch tar, which has anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties. However, it should be remembered that in the treatment of thorns it is absolutely impossible to combine this medicine with other drugs.
- A special patch that is treated with salicylic acid. It softens the spikes and helps to remove them freely. This patch cannot be used if a child, a pregnant woman has warts.
A spike on the soles of the feet is a tissue disease that can bring significant pain and discomfort to a person in the future. Self-treatment with medications without first consulting a doctor is not recommended.
Treatments with folk methods
In some cases, it is quite possible to remove the spikelet at home. However, one important factor should be taken into account - the disease should not be neglected. Alternative methods of treatment can only help if you follow the regularity and use the remedy correctly.
If for some reason you cannot seek qualified help, then there are several popular proven methods that can help get rid of a hated problem.
The main value of horseradish in the treatment of spikes is juice. For therapy, you need to grate horseradish on a fine grater and apply on warts. Legs before the procedure must first be steamed. The sore spot must be wrapped with polyethylene and then put on socks for the night. Continue the procedure until the complete disappearance of the disease.
Onion and vinegar
Another effective tool that allows you to get rid of the problem in 3 procedures. Onion should be grated until gruel and diluted with a small amount of vinegar. A thick patch is glued onto the spike and a small hole is made in it, the finished product is placed in it and sealed with another patch on top. Perhaps a person will feel discomfort and a slight burning sensation, but the remedy must be left until the morning.
Completely painless, but, unfortunately, a seasonal method. You need to take the leaves of young nettles and grind them to a state of gruel. The resulting mixture should be applied to the spike and wrap the leg with a clean leaf of burdock. To keep this design in place, socks should be worn on the legs. In the morning, the skin condition will improve significantly, and the wart will be removed along with the dead layer of the epidermis.
Raw potatoes need to be grated on a fine grater, but the juice is not squeezed out. The mixture should be applied to a cotton pad and applied to the wart. For fixation, you can use a sterile bandage. The procedure should be repeated every time 2 times a day. The only disadvantage of treating potato spikes is the long duration of therapy, which lasts at least 2 weeks.
Quite painful, but effective method of ailment. Sulfur for the treatment of spikes can be taken from ordinary matches. It should be cleaned from the heads. In the wart, you need to make a small indentation, which can be done with nail scissors or a needle (sterile), and then pour sulfur into it and set it on fire. This procedure must be done with extreme caution. The spike disappears after the first procedure.
Another incredible, but extremely popular method for sizzling is raw meat. You should buy fresh meat that has never been stored in the refrigerator. A small piece should be applied to the warts and left for a while. In the future, the meat must be buried in the ground. As soon as the meat is completely rotted, the spikes will disappear.
There are reviews of home treatment for warts, in some cases people use extremely extraordinary folk methods that also help with the disease. Here is some of them:
- cement - helps to destroy warts in 2-3 sessions.
- nail polish - helps prevent the supply of oxygen to the wart, due to which it dies within a short period of time;
- cakes on vinegar - it is necessary to knead a stiff dough on vinegar and apply a raw cake on the affected leg at night.
In order for the spike on the leg to pass as quickly as possible, the following rules should be followed:
- monitor foot hygiene, prevent the appearance of fungus and other viruses;
- increase the protective functions of immunity - organize a good diet, which includes a sufficient amount of vitamins, minerals;
- to prevent injury to the legs when walking, it is better to use soft socks and soft shoes during treatment.
If you can’t cope with the spike on your own, then you should immediately contact your dermatologist. He will examine you and prescribe the necessary treatment.